What are bunions and what can be done about them?

What are bunions?

Bunions are a deformity of the bones between the foot and the big toe; this makes the foot very painful whilst wearing certain shoes. The big toe usually starts pointing in towards the second toe causing the surrounding area to swell and it throws the bones out of alignment causing bumps.

Treatment for bunions

There are other options available for people who do not have severe bunions and these include: splints, gelled toe spacers, toe separators, bunion splints and bunion cushions. These bunions treatment may take longer but other that these the only alternative is surgery for bunions.

Bunions surgery

Surgery is only ever performed when bunions start to interfere with day to day activities such as walking and working. Recovery time for bunion correction is 6-8 weeks where the use of crutches is usually needed but depending on the type of surgery performed, recovery can be shorter. During surgery the following procedures are usually needed to correct bunions: removing deformed bone, realigning bone, straightening toes and repositioning bones. All feet bunions are different and surgery will follow only after advice from a competent podiatrist or orthopedist is relayed.

Bunion relief

If surgery is not an option for you whether it’s because you can’t take the time off from work or college or bunions are not interfering with your life, there are things you can do to help with painful bunions. There are more and more places that cater for wider shoes – these might help stop the big toe from deforming. If the bunion is more severe, then shoe bunions might help. In the evening when you come home putting ice on the bunions, you will also relieve them temporarily – extra padding in shoes will also help take the pressure that wearing shoes can have.

Preventing bunions

Although bunions occur naturally, there are simple steps you can take to help prevent bunions:

  • Don’t wear uncomfortable shoes especially if you will be on your feet for a long period of time
  • Wear pointy and uncomfortable shoes occasionally and don’t wear them for a long time
  • Try buying shoes with a larger width

Bunions are usually inherited, not the bunion itself but the foot structure that make bunions inevitable.